What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a complicated illness marked by different periods of unusually high, expansive, or angry moods that frequently alternate with sad moods. There is more than one form of bipolar disorder, contrary to common thought.

What Are Mood Episodes?

Bipolar illness patients may experience moments of exceptionally strong mood, variations in energy and activity levels, and strange behaviors. These separate phases are referred to as mood episodes.

Bipolar disorders are distinguished by three major mood episodes:

Manic: You may feel incredibly energized and pleased during a manic episode, or you may feel particularly furious or impatient. You have the impression that you have additional energy to burn. This time must typically persist at least one week in order to be diagnosed.

Hypomanic: Hypomania refers to less severe manic episodes. The presence of hypomanic episodes is only required for four days for the diagnosis to be made.

Depressive: A severe depressive episode is defined as a two-week period in which you have five or more depression symptoms nearly every day and they interfere with your functioning.

5 Types of Bipolar Disorder:

  • Bipolar I disorder
  • Bipolar II disorder
  • Cyclothymic disorder
  • Other specified bipolar and related disorder
  • Unspecified bipolar and related disorder

Bipolar I Disorders: You must have had one or more manic episodes to be diagnosed with bipolar I disorder. These episodes must persist for at least seven days or be severe enough to need hospitalization. Depressive episodes are prevalent; however, they are not required for diagnosis.

Bipolar II Disorder: Bipolar II disorder is distinguished by both hypomanic and depressive episodes. You must also have never had a full-blown manic episode to be diagnosed with bipolar II.

Cyclothymic disorder: This mood disorder, also known as cyclothymia, is characterised by many alternating bouts of hypomanic and depressed symptoms.

The highs and lows of cyclothymia, unlike bipolar I and II disorders, are not severe enough to meet the complete criteria for manic, hypomanic, or major depressive episodes. These symptoms, however, must be present at least half of the time for at least two years, with no symptom-free periods of more than two months.

Although the mood swings are less severe than in bipolar illness, it is vital to get treatment. These symptoms can not only disrupt your everyday life, but they may also progress to bipolar I or bipolar II condition later in life.

Other specified bipolar and related disorder: When you experience signs of bipolar disorder (such as manic or depressed episodes), but they do not fall into any of the other bipolar categories, you are diagnosed with this form of bipolar disorder.

For example, you might have cyclothymic symptoms that haven’t lasted two years, or you could have hypomanic periods that aren’t accompanied by depressed episodes.

Unspecified bipolar and related disorder: This diagnosis is comparable to bipolar illness and associated disorders. When a clinician does not have enough information to make a precise diagnosis, such as at an emergency department, it is utilized. Consult the Best Psychiatrist for Bipolar Disorder Treatment in Indore.

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