What is schizophrenia?

A persistent psychiatric illness is schizophrenia. This condition causes reality distortions in its sufferers, frequently manifesting as delusions or hallucinations.

Less than 1% of the population is affected by schizophrenia, yet precise statistics are hard to come by.

There are many misconceptions concerning this illness. For instance, some individuals believe that schizophrenia results in a “split personality.” Split personality disorder, also known as dissociative identity disorder, is distinct from schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia can affect both sexes at any age. Symptoms frequently appear in men in their late teens or early 20s. Early to mid-thirties for women likely to be the onset of symptoms.


Schizophrenia symptoms may include the following:

Early indications

This illness typically manifests its symptoms in adolescence and the early 20s. The early warning indicators may be disregarded at this age since they resemble some “normal” adolescent behaviour.

Earlier signs may include:

  • Distancing oneself from family and friends
  • Altering friendships or social circles
  • A shift in attention and focus
  • Issues with sleep
  • Agitation and irritation
  • Having trouble with your studies or performing poorly in your classes
  • Anxiety
  • Unspecific suspicion
  • Weird concepts
  • Feeling distinct from other people

More severe symptoms typically fall into one of three groups: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, or disorganised symptoms.


There is no known aetiology for schizophrenia. According to medical specialists, a number of factors, such as:

  1. Biological
  2. Genetic
  3. Environmental

Risk Factors

Even though the exact origin of schizophrenia is still unknown, scientists think genetics may be involved. An increased chance of getting schizophrenia exists among those with a family history of the condition.

There may be additional schizophrenia risk factors, such as:

  • Before or throughout pregnancy, exposure to chemicals, a virus, or malnutrition
  • Infancy
  • Utilising medicines that affect the psyche
  • Live in a situation that is really stressful
  • Using medicines that change consciousness when a teen or young adult


A major mental disorder like schizophrenia shouldn’t be disregarded or neglected. The condition raises the danger of severe side effects, including:

  • Fears related to self-harm or suicide
  • Depression
  • Alcohol or drug abuse issues in the family

Additionally, schizophrenia might make it challenging to work or go to school. Poverty and homelessness are more likely to occur if you are unable to work or support yourself financially. Contact the best psychiatrist for schizophrenia treatment in Indore.

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